James A. Sherwood

Director of the Baseball Research Center
Co-Director of the Advanced Composite Materials and Textile Research Lab

Co-Director of the Center for Electric Car and Energy Conversion


Email: James_Sherwood@uml.edu

Department of Mechanical Engineering
University of Massachusetts Lowell
One University Ave.
Lowell, MA 01854

Voice (978) 934-3313
Fax (978) 945-5701

B.S. in Engineering Science, University of Cincinnati (1976)
M.S. in Applied Mechanics, University of Cincinnati (1977)
PhD in Aerospace Eng'g & Eng'g Mechanics, University of Cincinnati (1987)  


Dr. Sherwood's research interests lie in the field of constitutive modeling, mechanical behavior of materials with emphasis on composites, finite element methods with emphasis on high speed impact.


JOURNAL PUBLICATIONS

Gorczyca, J., Sherwood, J. and Chen, J., 2006, "Development of a Friction Model for Use in the Thermostamping of Commingled Glass-Polypropylene Woven Fabrics," Composites Part A, (accepted).

Lu Liu, Julie Chen, Xiang Li, James Sherwood, 2005, "Two-Dimensional Macro-Mechanics Shear Models of Woven Fabrics", Composites Part A, Vol. 36, p. 105-114.

Gorczyca, J., Sherwood, J. and Chen, J., 2005, "A Friction Model for use with a Commingled Fiberglass-Polypropylene Plain-Weave Fabric and the Metal Tool during Thermostamping", European Finite Element Revue, Vol. 14, No. 6-7, p. 729-751.

Lu Liu, Julie Chen, Jennifer Gorczyca, James Sherwood, 2004, "Modeling of Friction and shear in thermo-stamping process - Part II", Journal of Composite Materials, Vol. 38, p. 1931-1947.

Li, X., Sherwood, J., Liu, L. and Chen, J., 2004, "A material model for woven commingled glass-polypropylene composite fabrics using a hybrid finite element approach", International Journal of Materials and Product Technology, Vol. 21, p. 59-70.

Gorczyca, J., Sherwood, J., Lu, L. and Chen, J., 2004, "Friction and Shear in Thermostamping of Composites - Part I", Journal of Composite Materials, Vol. 38, p. 1911-1929.

Chen, J. Sherwood, J.A., Buso, P., Chow, S., and Lussier, D., 2000, “Stamping of Continuous Fiber Thermoplastic Composites,” Polymer Composites, V.21, n.4, pp.539-547.

King, M.J., Chen, J., Sherwood, J.A., and Brachos, V., 1999, “Effect of Local Material Variations on Tapered Sandwich Structures,” Journal of Reinforced Plastics and Composites, Vol.18, No.16, 1479-1495.

Glenn, T.A., Chen, J., and Sherwood, J.A., 1998, "Carbon/Glass Hybridization: Another degree of freedom for composite structures," SAMPE Journal, Vol. 34, No. 3, pp.22-31.

Sherwood, J.A., and Quimby, H.M., 1996, "Optimization of the Manufacturing Process of a Titanium Aluminide Metal Matrix Composite Using a Viscoplastic Constitutive Theory," ASME Journal of Engineering Materials and Technology, Vol. 118, No. 2, pp. 235-240.

Sherwood, J.A., and Quimby, H.M., 1995, "Micromechanical Modeling of Damage Growth in Titanium Based Metal‑Matrix Composites," Computers and Structures, Vol. 56, No. 2/3, pp. 505‑514.

Sherwood, J.A., and Ayres, J.M., Gross, T.S., and Watt, D., 1995, "An Investigation of Tire‑Wheel Interface Loads Using ADINA," Computers and Structures, Vol. 56, No. 2/3, pp.377‑387.

Sherwood, J.A., and Fay, E.M., 1992, "Application of a Unified Constitutive Theory to the Nonproportional Multiaxial Strain Deformation of 1045 Steel," ASME Journal of Engineering Materials and Technology, Vol. 114, No. 2, pp. 147-155.

Sherwood, J.A., and Frost C.C., 1992, "Constitutive Modeling and Simulation of Energy Absorbing Polyurethane Foam Under Impact Loading," Polymer Engineering and Science, Vol. 32, No. 16, pp. 1138-1146.

Sherwood, J.A., and Stouffer, D.C., 1992, "A Phenomenologically Based Constitutive Model with Damage for René 95," ASME Journal of Engineering Materials and Technology, Vol. 114, No. 4, pp. 340-347.

Sherwood, J.A., and Edwards, W.R., Fussell, B.K., Gross, T.S., and Watt, D.W., 1995, "An Analytical and Experimental Study into the Pressure Distribution on an Aircraft Wheel at the Tire Interface," AIAA Journal of Aircraft, Vol. 32, No. 5, pp. 921‑928.

Sherwood, J.A., and Fay, E.M., 1991, "Investigation of the Nonproportional Multiaxial Strain Deformation of 1045 Steel," Scripta Metallurgica et Materialia, Vol. 25, pp. 1075-1080.

Sherwood, J.A. and Boyle, M.J., 1991, "Investigation of the Thermomechanical Response of a Titanium-Aluminide/Silicon-Carbide Composite Using a Unified State Variable Model in ADINA," Computers and Structures, Vol. 40, pp. 243-255.  
 

CONFERENCE PROCEEDINGS

Xiang Li, James A. Sherwood, Lu Liu, and Julie Chen, 2005, “Simulation of Double Dome Stamping of Twill Woven Fabric Composites,” Proceedings of the 8th ESAForm Conference on Material Forming, Cluj, Romania.

 

Vedula, G., and Sherwood, J.A., 2004, "An Experimental and Finite Element Study of the Relationship amongst the Sweetspot, COP, and Vibration Nodes in Baseball Bats," Proceedings of the 5th International Conference on the Engineering of Sport, September, UC Davis, CA.

 

Drane, P., and Sherwood, J.A., 2004, "Characterization of the Effect of Temperature on Baseball COR performance," Proceedings of the 5th International Conference on the Engineering of Sport, September, UC Davis, CA.

 

Nabeshima, S., and Sherwood, J.A.,  2004, "Comparison of the Performance of U.S. and Japanese Aluminum Baseball Bats," Proceedings of the 5th International Conference on the Engineering of Sport, September, UC Davis, CA.

J.L. Gorczyca, J.A. Sherwood, J. Chen, 2004, "Friction at the Tool-Fabric Interface during the Thermostamping of Woven Commingled Glass-Polypropylene Composite Fabrics", Proceedings of the 7th ESAForm Conference on Material Forming, Trondheim, Norway, Vol. 7, p. 337.

Li, X., Sherwood, J., Liu, L., and Chen, J., 2004,"Hybrid Finite Element Model of Woven-Fabric Composite", Proceedings of the 19th Annual American Society for Composites Conference.

Lu Liu, Julie Chen, James Sherwood, 2004, "Analytical Model of Shear of 4-harness Satin Weave Fabrics", 8th Numiform Conference paper, Vol. CP712, p. 338.

Lu Liu, Julie Chen, and James Sherwood, 2004, "Parametric Study of Commingled Glass/Polypropylene Woven Fabrics during Shear", Proceedings of the 19th Annual American Society for Composites Conference.

Gorczyca, J., Sherwood, J. and Chen, J., 2004, "Thermostamping of Woven Commingled Glass-Polypropylene Composite Fabrics: FEA with User-Defined Subroutines in ABAQUS/Standard ", Proceedings for the 19th Annual American Society for Composites Conference.

Lu Liu, Julie Chen, James Sherwood, 2004, "Material Modeling and Benchmark Testing of Woven-Fabric Composites in the Thermo-Stamping Process", 7th ESAForm Conference paper, Vol. 7, p. 357.

Gorczyca, J., Sherwood, J. and Chen, J., 2003, "Friction between the Tool and the Fabric During the Thermostamping of Woven Co-Mingled Glass-Polypropylene Composite Fabrics", Proceedings for the 18th Annual American Society for Composites Conference.

Li, X., Sherwood, J. Lu, L., Chen, J., 2003, "Material Model and Finite Element Model for Woven Commingled Glass-Polypropylene Composite Fabrics", Proceedings for the 18th Annual American Society for Composites Conference.

Chen, J., Chow, S., Lussier, D., Sherwood, J., 2002, “Viscosity-Based Models for Shear and Friction Response of Glass/Thermo-Plastic Fabrics," 5th ESAFORM Conference, 14-17 April 2002, Krakow, Poland.

Fallon, L.P., and Sherwood, J.A., 2002, “A Study of the Barrel Constructions of Baseball Bats,” 4th International Conference on the Engineering of Sport, September, Kyoto, Japan.

Drane, P.J. and Sherwood, J.A., 2002, “The Effects of Moisture Content and Workhardening on Baseball Bat Performance,” 4th International Conference on the Engineering of Sport, September, Kyoto, Japan.

Gorczyca, J.L., Sherwood, J.A., Chen, J., and Buso, P., 2001, “Finite Element Modeling of the Shear Behavior of Woven Co-Mingled lass/Thermoplastic Composites,” 16th Annual Technical Conference, 10‑12 September 2001, Blacksburg, VA.

Chow, S., Lussier, D., Bulusu, A., Sherwood, J., and Chen, J., 2001, “Shear and Friction Response of Co-Mingled Glass/Polypropylene Fabrics During Stamping,” 16th Annual Technical Conference, 10-12 September 2001, Blacksburg, VA.

Buso, P.P., Sherwood, J.A., and Chen, J., 2000, “Finite Element Modeling of Co-Mingled Glass/Thermoplastic Fabrics for Low-Cost/High-Volume Composites Manufacturing,” 6th International LS-DYNA Users Conference, April 9-11, Dearborn, MI.

Sherwood, J.A., Mustone, T.J., and Fallon, L.P., 2000, “Characterizing the performance of baseball bats using experimental and finite element methods,” 3rd International Conference on the Engineering of Sport, June, Sydney, Australia.

Fallon, L.P., Collier, R.D., Sherwood, J.A., and Mustone, T.J., 2000, “Determining baseball bat performance using a conservation equations model with field test validation,” 3rd International Conference on the Engineering of Sport, June, Sydney, Australia.

Sherwood, J.A., Smith, D.R., Weber, S.L., and D'Angelo, J.P., and DaSilva, R.A., 1998, "A Model Course for Integrating Lectures and Labs for a Semester Long Design Experience," 1998 ASEE New England Section Conference, Amherst, MA, April.

Smith, D.R., D'Angelo, J.P., DaSilva, R., and Sherwood, J.A., 1998, "An Experiment in Improving Student Estimation Skills," Proceedings of the1998 ASME Design Engineering Technical Conferences Atlanta, GA, September.

King, M.J., Chen, J., Sherwood, J.A., and Brachos, V., 1998, "Effect of Local Material Variations on Tapered Sandwich Structures" 13th Annual Technical Conference on Composite Materials, American Society of Composites, September 21-23, Baltimore, MD.

Brachos, V., Sherwood, J.A., Gorczyca, J.L., and Mustone, T.J., 1998, "Frontal Impact Investigations on the All-Composite Body-In-White of the Solectria Sunrise™ Electric Vehicle," 5th International LS-DYNA Users Conference, September 21-22, Southfield, MI.

Mustone, T.J., and Sherwood, J.A., 1998, "Using LS-DYNA to Characterize the Performance of Baseball Bats," 5th International LS-DYNA Users Conference, September 21-22, Southfield, MI.

Rocca, D.P., and Sherwood, J.A., 1998, "Impact of Steel Projectiles into Thin Polycarbonate Lenses using a Unified State Variable Constitutive Model with Failure in LS-DYNA," 5th International LS-DYNA Users Conference, September 21-22, Southfield, MI.

Parkin, R., Robertson, S., Sherwood, J., and Smith, D., 1997, "Design, Manufacturing, and Testing in the Mechanical Engineering Curriculum," Engineering Education: Evolution and Revolution, ASEE Zone I Meeting - Spring 1997, April 25-26, United States Military Academy, West Point, NY, p. 8A1-1-->4.

Parkin, R., Robertson, S., Sherwood, J., and Smith, D., 1997, "Integrating Design, Manufacturing, and Testing across the Mechanical Engineering Curriculum," Mechanical Engineering Education for Global Practice, The Proceedings of the 1997 ASME Mechanical Engineering Department Heads Conference, March 19-20, San Diego, CA, pp. 113-122.

Bartlett, W., and Sherwood, J.A., 1997, "Investigation of Elastic, Plastic, and Creep Response of a Polymeric Clip Using Experimental and Numerical Techniques," A Critical Link: Diagnosis to Prognosis, Proceedings of a Joint Conference--The 51st Meeting of the Society for Machinery Failure Prevention Technology and The 12th Biennial Conference on Reliability, Stress Analysis and Failure Prevention, H.C. Pusey and S.C.Pusey, Eds.,Virginia Beach, VA, April 14-18, pp. 43-5.

Sherwood, J.A., and Quimby, H.M., 1996, “Optimization of the Manufacturing Process of a Titanium Aluminide Metal Matrix Composite Using a Viscoplastic Constitutive Theory,” International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition, 17‑22 November, Atlanta, Ga.

Quimby, H.M., and Sherwood, J.A., 1995, "Finite Element Modeling of MMC's," Numerical Implementation and Application of Constitutive Models in the Finite Element Method, J.A, Sherwood and M. Sheh, Eds., ASME MD-Vol. 63/AMD-Vol. 213, pp. 49-66.

Sherwood, J.A., and Quimby, H.M., 1993, "Micromechanical Modeling of Damage Growth in Titanium Based Metal-Matrix Composites," NATO AGARD Conference, September 27-28, Bordeaux, France.

Sherwood, J.A., and Doore, R.J., 1993, "A Robust Methodology for Estimating Material Parameters for the Ramaswamy-Stouffer Constitutive Model," Material Parameter Estimation for Modern Constitutive Equations, L.A. Bertram, S.B. Brown and A.D. Freed, Eds., ASME MD-Vol. 43/AMD-Vol. 168, pp. 259-273.

Sherwood, J.A., and Frost C.C., 1992, "Constitutive Modeling and Simulation of Energy Absorbing Polyurethane Foam Under Impact Loading," Proceedings of the Ninth ASCE Engineering Mechanics Conference, Ed. L.D. Lutes and J.M. Niedzwecki, May 24-27, College Station, TX,  pp. 155-158.

Sherwood, J.A., Quimby, H.M., and Doore, R.J., 1992, "Damage Modeling in Fiber Reinforced Composites," Fracture and Damage, A. Nagar, Ed., ASME AD-Vol. 27, pp. 59-63.

Sherwood, J.A., Fay, E.M., and Jayaraman, N., 1991, "Application of a Unified Constitutive Theory to the Nonproportional Multiaxial Strain Deformation of 1045 Steel," The Third International Conference on Constitutive Laws for Engineering Materials: THEORY AND APPLICATIONS, January 7-12, Tucson, AZ.

Sherwood, J.A., and Frost C.C., 1991, "Constitutive Modeling and Simulation of Energy Absorbing Polyurethane Foam Under Impact Loading," Plastics and Plastic Composites: Material Properties, Part Performance, and Process Simulation, V.J. Stokes, Ed., ASME MD-Vol. 29, pp. 347-370.

Kroupa, J.L., Sherwood, J.A., Ashbaugh, N.E., Quimby, H.M., and Boyle, M.J., 1991, "Comparison of Responses of a MMC Using Classical and Unified Constitutive Matrix Theories," WL-TR-92-4035, Proceedings from the Titanium Matrix Composite Workshop, November 6-8, Orlando, FL, pp. 410-429.

Sherwood, J.A., and Boyle, M.J., 1990, "Investigation of the Thermomechanical Response of a Titanium-Aluminide/Silicon Carbide Composite Using a Unified State Variable Model and the Finite Element Method," Microcracking Induced Damage in Composites, ASME AMD‑Vol. 111.

Sherwood, J.A., and D.C. Stouffer, 1986, "A Constitutive Model with Damage for High-Temperature Superalloys," NASA CP-10010, 3rd Symposium Nonlinear Constitutive Relations for High-Temperature Applications, June 11-13, Akron, Ohio.

RESEARCH GRANTS

 

"Linking Process-Induced Properties to Thermoplastic-Matrix Woven-Fabric Composites Performance," Co-PI with Professors Chen and Gorbatikh, National Science Foundation, $360,000 (2005-2008).

"Design and Testing of a Revolutionary Helmet," Co-PI with Professor Steve McCarthy, Xenith, $100,000 (2005-2006).

"Laboratory and Field Experimental Investigations of the Relationship of Bat Properties on Batted-Ball Performance," Rawlings Sporting Goods, $25,000 (2005-2006).

"Multifunctional Composites," (NASA SBIR Phase II) Co-PI with Professors Chen and Avitabile, EIC Laboratories, $136,268, (2004-2006).

"Comparison of the 2003 NCAA Baseball Bat Certification Protocol and the ASTM High-Speed Baseball Standard," Principal Investigator, NCAA, $110,887, (2005).

"Experimental Investigation of Wood Baseball Bats," Principal Investigator, Major League Baseball, $109,016, (2004-2005).

"Comparison Testing of the Regular Season and World Series Baseballs for 2003, 2004 and 2005," Principal Investigator, Major League Baseball, $23,964, (2003-2005).

"Honeycomb Compression and Crush Tests," Principal Investigator, KaZaK Composites, $1160, (2004).

"Testing of Carbons," Principal Investigator, Triton, $4125, (2004).

"Design of an Attachment Insert for a Balsa-Core Composite Panel," Principal Investigator, Office of Naval Research STTR with KaZaK Composites, $120,000, (2003-2004).

"Evaluation of the Regular Season Minor League Baseballs," Principal Investigator, Major League Baseball, $20,601, (2003).

"Provide Strength and Stiffness Evaluation of Laminated and Pultruded Glass-Vinyl Ester and Hybrid Glass/Graphite-Vinyl Ester Composites," Principal Investigator, KaZaK Composites, $3500, (2003).

"Evaluate the Structural Performance of a US Navy Equipment Mounting Adapter System," Principal Investigator, KaZaK Composites, $1500, (2003-2004).

"Perform Tensile and 4-Point Bend Tests," Principal Investigator, KaZaK Composites, $4200, (2003-2004).

"Carbon and Ceramic Foam Compression Test," Principal Investigator, KaZaK Composites, $2500, (2003-2004).

"Short Beam Shear Tests on Boron Epoxy Tape," Principal Investigator, Specialty Materials, $1625, (2003).

"PTC Collaborative Learning and Reference Center - Lowell Campus," Principal Investigator, Parametric Technologies, $25,000, (2003-2004).

"Test Program for Composite Materials," Principal Investigator, KaZaK Composites, $15,700, (2003-2005).

"Collaborative Research:  Enhancing the Understanding of the Fundamental Mechanisms of Thermostamping Woven Composites to Develop a Comprehensive Design Tool," Principal Investigator, NSF, $158,000 plus $12,000 REU award, (2003-2006).

"NCAA Baseball Bat Research," Principal Investigator, NCAA, $16,000, (2000).

"NCAA Baseball Bat Research," Principal Investigator, NCAA, $62,384, (2000-2001).

"NCAA 32-in and 33-in Baseball Bat Research," Principal Investigator, NCAA, $25,000, (2002).

"Investigation of the Relationship among Wood Bat Performance, Material Choice and Manufacturing Process," Principal Investigator, Major League Baseball, $39,768, (2002).

"Continuation of the Major League Baseball Studies," Major League Baseball, $10,707, (2002).

"NCAA Baseball Bat Certification," Principal Investigator, (funded by various bat companies, Easton Sports, Worth Sports, Wilson/DeMarini, Brett Brothers, Custom Bats Works, BWP Bats, Hoosier Bat Co., MetalWood, Nike, Falcon Composites, Rawlings Sporting Goods), $1,400,000, (1999-2005).

"NCAA Baseball Bat Research," Principal Investigator, NCAA, $25,000, (1999).

"NFHS Baseball Bat Research," Principal Investigator, NFHS, $10,000, (1999).

"NFHS Baseball Bat Research," Principal Investigator, NFHS, $7500, (1999).

"Composite Side Intrusion Beam," Principal Investigator, Ford Research Lab, $27,000, (1999).

"Modeling of Co-mingled Glass/Thermoplastic Fabrics for Low-Cost/High-Volume Composites Manufacturing," Co-PI with Professor Chen, NSF GOALI (w/Ford Motor Company, Dearborn, Mi), $257,000, (1998-2001).

"Establishment of a Baseball Research Center," Principal Investigator, Major League Baseball and Rawlings Sporting Goods, $400,000, (1998-99).

"Characterization of a Composite Material Air Separation System," Co-PI with Professor Chen, Innovative Membrane Systems, Norwood, MA, $20,000, (1998-99).

"Design and Performance of Baseball Bats: Analysis & Experiment," Principal Investigator, Major League Baseball, $16,000 (1997).

"WWW Based Instruction and Survey of Finite Element Methods," Principal Investigator, Professional Developments Grant, Instructional Technology for Academic Development, Account #541063, UMass, $4000, (1997-98).

"Design for Crashworthiness," Co-PI with Professor Chen, Solectria of Wilmington, MA, $25,000, (1997-98).

"Experimental Testing of Wheel Wells," Co-PI with Professor Chen, Solectria of Wilmington, MA, $25,000, (1997-98).

"Assuring the Structural Integrity and CAD Documentation of the Sunrise Vehicle," Principal Investigator, Solectria of Wilmington, MA, and Northeast Alternative Vehicle Consortium/ARPA, $75,000,  (1996‑97).

"Product Realization Curriculum Support," Co-PI with Professors David Smith and William Kyros, Engineering Academy of Southern New England, $82,000, (1995-96).

"Design for Manufacturing and Crashworthiness," Principal Investigator, Solectria of Wilmington, MA, and Northeast Alternative Vehicle Consortium/ARPA $50,000, (1995-96).

"FMVSS (Federal Motor Vehicle Safety Standard) 201/208 Instrument Panel Program," Principal Investigator, Davidson-Textron of Dover, NH, $100,000, (1994-96).

———  Grants received at UNH  ———

"The Effects of Hull Cuts on the Circularity and Structural Integrity of a Submersible Pressure Vessel," Principal Investigator, Pittsburgh Supercomputing Center, 10 Service Units (Estimated Value: $2500 in CPU Time), (1993).

"The Effects of Hull Cuts on the Circularity and Structural Integrity of a Submersible Pressure Vessel," Principal Investigator, Pittsburgh Supercomputing Center, 99 Service Units (Estimated Value: $24,750 in CPU Time), (1993-94).

"Constitutive Modeling of Metal Matrix Composites," Principal Investigator, AFOSR/NASA/Ohio Aerospace Institute, $252,200, (1991-93).

"Aircraft Tire/Wheel Interface Load Measurement," Principal Investigator (with UNH Professors Barry K. Fussell, Todd S. Gross and David W. Watt), AFOSR, $264,287, (1991-93).

"Optimization of the Manufacturing Process of a Titanium Aluminide Metal Matrix Composite Using a Viscoplastic Constitutive Theory," Principal Investigator, Engineering Foundation (ASME) and AFOSR, $20,000, (1990‑91).

"Aircraft Tire/Wheel Interface Load Measurement," Principal Investigator (with UNH Professors Barry K. Fussell, Todd S. Gross and David W. Watt), AFOSR, $69,000, (1990-91).

"Effects of Hull Cuts on the Circularity and Structural Integrity of a Submersible Pressure Hull," Principal Investigator, NSF Supercomputing Center, University of Pittsburgh, 10 Service Units (Estimated Value: $2500 in CPU Time), (1990).

"Investigation of the Thermomechanical Response of a Titanium Aluminide/Silicon Carbide Composite Using a Unified State Variable Model and the Finite Element Method," Principal Investigator, NSF Supercomputing Center, University of Illinois at Urbana, 50 Service Units (Estimated Value: $12,500 in CPU Time), (1990-92).

"Predicting the Impact Response of Energy Absorbing Urethane Foam," Principal Investigator, Davidson-Textron of Dover, NH, $20,000, (1989-90).

"Investigation of the Thermomechanical Behavior of a Titanium Aluminide Metal Matrix Composite Using a Viscoplastic Constitutive Model," Principal Investigator, AFOSR, $20,000, (1989-90).

"Development of an Aircraft Tire/Wheel Interface Model for Flange/Beadseat Contact Loads," Principal Investigator, AFOSR, $20,000, (1988-89).
  

© 2006, Department of Mechanical Engineering, UMass Lowell
Last Modified: 25 Mar 2009